• Farm tools and equipment perform specific jobs in the farm.
  • They make work easier and more efficient.
  • They can be classified according to their uses as follows:

 Garden Tools and Equipment 

Tools Uses
Bank Cutting and shallow cultivation, making holes.
Jembe / hand hoe Cultivation, digging, shallow planting holes and trenches.
Fork iembe Cultivation, digging out roots, harvesting of root crops.


Collecting trash, breaking large clods, levelling, removing stfrom a seedbeones    d and spreading organic manure.


Scooping and carrying of soil, sand, concrete mixture and  manure.
Spring balance Measuring weight.


Scooping seedlings during transplanting and .digging planting  holes for seedlings.
Pruning hook Bending tall branches when pruning.
Secateur Cutting young stems and pruning branches.
10. Tape measure Measuring distances.
11. Axe Cutting big trees and roots and splitting logs of wood.
12. Soil auger Making holes for fencing posts.
13. mattock Digging hard soils
14. sprinklers Overhead irrigation.
15. Watering can Watering plants in nursery bed.
16. Wheel barrow Transportation of soil, fertilizers, farm produce, tools and
17. Levelling board eqFor levelling a nursery bed. uipment.
18. Pruning saw Cutting old wood stems and pruning big branches.
19. Hose pipe For conveying water from a tap to where it is need.
20. Knap sack sprayer Applying agro-chemical by spraying.
21. Garden shear Trimming hedges.
22. Pruning knife Removal of small shoots.
23. Meter ruler Measuring distances.
24. Garden fork Shallow digging.

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  Livestock production tools and equipments.

Tools Uses
Drenching gun Administering liquid drugs to animals orally.
Bolus gun/dosing Administering solid drugs or tablets to animals orally.
    gun Wool Shears     Cutting off wool from sheep.
Hypodermic syringe Administering drugs by injection for example in vaccination.
Stirrup (bucket) Application of acaricide by hand spraying.
   pump Thermometer Taking body temperatures of farm animals.
Burdizzo Used in bloodless method of castration.
Halter Rope designed to restrain the animal.
Trimming knife Cutting short the overgrown hooves.


Stretching rubber ring during castration, dehorning and docking of lambs.
Iron dehorner Applies heat on the horn bud to prevent growth of horns.
Nose ring Fixed into the nose of a bull to restrain it.
Strip cup Detecting mastitis in milk products.
Trocar and cannula Relieving a bloated animal of gases particularly ruminants.
Hard broom For scrubbing the floor.
Ear notcher Making ear notches in livestock.
        Bucket For holding milk during milking.
Milk chum For holding milk after milking.
Milk strainer/sieve


Removing foreign particles from milk for example hairs and              sediments.
        Rope Tying or tethering animals.
        Milking stool Used by the milker to sit on while milking.
Weighing balance Weighing milk after milking.
 Teeth clipper Removal of canine teeth of piglets soon after birth.
Chaff cutter Cutting fodder into small bits.
 Dehorning wire Cutting grown horns.

, Workshop Tools and Equipmen

Tools                          Uses
Spanner         Tightening and loosening nuts and bolts.
Pliers Cutting small wires and thin metal and gripping
Files firSharpening toolsmly.  , smoothening or shaping edges of
Rasps metalsSmoothen,  ing and shaping of wooden
Chisels (wood) strMaking grooves in uctures.
Cold chisel   woodCutting and shap.                        ing
Screw drivers   metalDriving screws in or out of wood or metal.                                         .

Cross cut saw


Cutting across the grain of wood.



Rip saw Cutting along the grain of wood.
Hack saw Bow saw         Cutting metals.
Tenon back saw         Cutting branches of
Coping saw trees. Cutting  Joints on wood and fine sawing.



Cutting curves on thin wood.

Cutting either along or across the grain of wood

espWhenecially  cutting k                     ey



Tin snip holes. Cutting metal sheet                     s.
Braces and bits.         Boring holes in wood.         ,
Drill and bits Boring holes in metal work and woodwork.  =
Claw hammer Driving in, removing and straightening nails.
Ball pein


Driving in nails, rivets and straightening metal. Also

uson cold chisel ed

Mallet         Hammering or hitting wood chisel.
Jack plane         Fine finishing of wood.
Scrappers/spokesha Smoothening curved surfaces of wood such as
         ve handles of jembes, axes .
Measuring                                                                                    ~
eMetre ruler quipment         Measuring short length
Try square



Measuring length angles and to ascertain squareness.

Marking gauge         Marking parallel lines to the edge of wood.
Fencing pliers          Cutting wires, hammering staples when
Vice and clamps fencing. Firmly holding pieces of w ork together.

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Tools Uses
Spirit level Measuring horizontal or vertical levels.
Soldering gun


Melting soldering rods when repairing or fabricating metsheetsal .
Wire brush Brushing rough surfaces.
Divider Marking and laying out.
Centre punch Marking the point of drilling.
Paint brush Applying paint on surfaces.
Sledge hammer Ramming hardware, breaking stones.
Wire strainer Tightening wires during fencing.
Riveting machine Fix rivets when joining pieces of metal.
Claw bar


Removing long nails from wood, straining fencing wires and digging fencing holes.

 Plumbing and Masonry Tools 

Tools Uses
Pipe wrench Holding, tightening and loosing metallic pipes.
Pipe cutter Cutting PVC pipes.
Levelling rod Levelling the floor during construction.
Mason’s trowel Placing mortar between construction stones and
Wood float bricks. Create a level surface on walls and floors.
Mason’s square Ascertain verticalness.
Plumb bob Spreading screed over floors and walls.
Shovel Mixing and scooping concrete or mortar, measuring


Care and Maintenance of Tools and Equipment 

Reasons for Maintenance   To increase durability.

  • To increase efficiency.
  • Reduce costs of replacement.
  • For safety of the user/avoid accidents.  Avoid damage to the tool.


  • Use tools for the right work.
  • Proper handling when using tools or equipment.
  • Clean and oil tools after work.  Keep tools in there right place.
  • Replace and repair worn-out parts
  • Sharpen cutting or digging edges
  • Grease moving parts to reduce friction
  • Use safety devices in the workshop to reduce accidents and breakages 

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A tool is any instrument held in the hand and used to do work


This is something used for specific purpose

Why farmers use tools and equipment

  • To increase efficiency
  • To make farm operations easier
  • To minimize injuries
  • To enhance production

Precautions in handling tools and equipment

  • Proper maintenance
  • Proper use of tools
  • Proper storage
  • Use safety devices and clothing
  • Proper dressing
  • Skilful handling of tools

Categories of farm tools and equipment

  1. Garden tools and equipment
  2. Livestock production tools and equipment
  3. Workshop tools and equipment
  4. Plumbing tools and equipment
  5. Masonry tools and equipment

Factors determining the choice of tools to use

  • The task to be performed
  • The tools efficiency
  • The level of knowledge and skill of user
  • Availability of the tools

General maintenance practices of farm tools

  • Sharpen the cutting edge
  • Grease the moving parts
  • Repair or replace worn out parts
  • Proper and safe storage
  • Clean after use
  • Tighten loose nut and bolts
  • Oil and paint before long storage

Reasons for maintaining farm tools and equipment

  • To increase lifespan / durability
  • To improve efficiency
  • To avoid injury
  • Reduce production cost



PRIMARY NOTES, SCHEMES OF WORK AND EXAMINATIONS                                                    

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